Sunday, April 30, 2006

Gyaan: Divine-Knowledge

(Ang 465)
ਘੜੀਆ ਸਭੇ ਗੋਪੀਆ ਪਹਰ ਕੰਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਗੋਪਾਲ ॥
ghurreeaa subhae gopeeaa pehur kunnu gopaal
All the hours are the milk-maids, and the quarters of the day are the Krishnas.
ਗਹਣੇ ਪਉਣੁ ਪਾਣੀ ਬੈਸੰਤਰੁ ਚੰਦੁ ਸੂਰਜੁ ਅਵਤਾਰ ॥
gehunae poun paanee baisunthur chundh sooruj avuthaar
The wind, water and fire are the ornaments; the sun and moon are the incarnations.
ਸਗਲੀ ਧਰਤੀ ਮਾਲੁ ਧਨੁ ਵਰਤਣਿ ਸਰਬ ਜੰਜਾਲ ॥
sugulee dhuruthee maal dhun vuruthan surub junjaal
All of the earth, property, wealth and articles are all entanglements.
ਨਾਨਕ ਮੁਸੈ ਗਿਆਨ ਿਵਹੂਣੀ ਖਾਇ ਗਇਆ ਜਮਕਾਲੁ ॥੧॥
naanuk musai giaan vihoonee khaae gaeiaa jumukaal
O Nanak, without divine knowledge, one is plundered, and devoured by the Messenger of Death. 1

Guru Sahib tells us in this Shabad by Guru Nanak Dev Jee, one will only cross the world Ocean through divine knowledge, without divine knowledge one will be plundered.

How do we receive Divine knowledge?

Divine knowledge can only be gifted Gurmukh through Guru Sahib, through ones past Karam and profit of Naam. One has to Japna Naam Athai Pehar (24/7) without any Worldly thoughts in ones head, and one will be guided by Guru Sahib himself throughout ones life. One will have no need to read books, search for Gyaan etc, as all the Gyaan is within us, but we are not aware or as close as to ourselves as we should be, this is why we act according to our own Matt (mind), and not Gurmat (Gurus teaching). We will become Gurmat only if the Shabad has been lit within through Guru Sahib, this will help us realize our innerself.

ਪੰਡਿਤ ਵਾਚਿਹ ਪੋਥੀਆ ਨਾ ਬੂਝਿਹ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥
punddith vaachehi potheeaa naa boojhehi veechaar
The Pandits, the religious scholars, read their books, but they do not understand the real meaning.
ਅਨ ਕਉ ਮਤੀ ਦੇ ਚਲਹਿ ਮਾਇਆ ਕਾ ਵਾਪਾਰੁ ॥
an ko muthee dhae chulehi maaeiaa kaa vaapaar
They give instructions to others, and then walk away, but they deal in Maya themselves.
ਕਥਨੀ ਝੂਠੀ ਜਗੁ ਭਵੈ ਰਹਣੀ ਸਬਦੁ ਸੁ ਸਾਰੁ ॥੬॥
kuthunee jhoothee jug bhuvai rehunee subudh s saar
Speaking falsehood, they wander around the world, while those who remain true to the Shabad are excellent and exalted. 6

(Ang 55 )

In this ShabadGuru Sahib explains that the Pandits have so much knowledge through reading the Vedas, Puraanas and many holy books, but their mind is still polluted through Maayaa (worldly entanglements), they give Gyaan to others yet their own minds are filthy. Gyaan will only be received through the blessings of Guru Sahib.

ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਜਨੁ ਹਿਰ ਜਲ ਕਾ ਮੀਨਾ ਹਿਰ ਿਬਸਰਤ ਫੂਿਟ ਮਰੈ ॥੩॥
har kaa jun har jul kaa meenaa har bisuruth foott murai
The humble servant of the Lord is a fish in the Water of the Lord. Forgetting the Lord, he would dry up and die. 3
(Ang 1263)

When we forget Guru Sahib for only a second we will suffer just like the Fish suffers without Water. As Manmukh we will not realize this suffering, the suffering will always be with us through emotion and vice, we will never be happy and content, happiness will only last for seconds. Through Naam it will last life times.

Daas has read very little books the very little Gyaan Daas has, has been gifted through Guru Sahib and Naam. Our mind will become relaxed at peace and poised through Naam, this is when we are gifted Gyaan and realization.

(Ang 380)

ਭ੍ਰਮ ਮਹਿ ਸੋਈ ਸਗਲ ਜਗਤ ਧੰਧ ਅੰਧ ॥
bhrum mehi soee sugul juguth dhundh andh
The whole world is asleep in doubt; it is blinded by worldly entanglements.
ਕੋਊ ਜਾਗੈ ਹਰਿ ਜਨੁ ॥੧॥
kooo jaagai har jun
How rare is that humble servant of the Lord who is awake and aware. 1
ਮਹਾ ਮੋਹਨੀ ਮਗਨ ਪਿ੍ਰਅ ਪ੍ਰੀਿਤ ਪ੍ਰਾਨ ॥
mehaa mohunee mugun pria preeth praan
The mortal is intoxicated with the great enticement of Maya, which is dearer to him than life.
ਕੋਊ ਤਿਆਗੈ ਿਵਰਲਾ ॥੨॥
kooo thiaagai virulaa How rare is the one who renounces it. 2
ਚਰਨ ਕਮਲ ਆਨੂਪ ਹਰਿ ਸੰਤ ਮੰਤ ॥
churun kumul aanoop har sunth munth
The Lord's Lotus Feet are incomparably beautiful; so is the Mantra of the Saint.
ਕੋਊ ਲਾਗੈ ਸਾਧੂ ॥੩॥
kooo laagai saadhoo
How rare is that holy person who is attached to them. 3
ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਧੂ ਸੰਗਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਿਗਆਨ ਰੰਿਗ ॥
naanuk saadhoo sung jaagae giaan rung O Nanak, in the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, the love of divine knowledge is awakened;

ਵਡਭਾਗੇ ਕਿਰਪਾ ॥੪॥੧॥੩੯॥
vuddubhaagae kirupaa the Lord's Mercy is bestowed upon those who are blessed with such good destiny. 4139

Guru Sahib explains in this Shabad how the World is suffering through Maayaa, one will only be purified through the Mantra of Guru Sahib. Guru Sahib says in Sangat Divine knowledge is awakened, as one is in single-minded concentration of the Naam whilst in Saadh Sangat. Through this concentration one will be blessed with the knowledge of Divine. Single-minded concentration needs to be Athai Pehar (24/7).

We will be gifted Gyaan in many ways through Naam and Guru Sahib, one thing we should never do is ignore the inner Gyaan Guru Sahib has gifted us. Sometimes we ignore this Gyaan coming from Guru Sahib and Naam, thinking it is our own Man matt (filthy mind). One will realize true Gyaan, as this Gyaan will feel 100% right in ones mind, one will feel steadfast, one will realize the Gyaan is true, as the Gyaan will be very positive, keep us humble, and it will be for the benefit of another.

(Ang 482)

ਸਾਸੁ ਕੀ ਦੁਖੀ ਸਸੁਰ ਕੀ ਪਿਆਰੀ ਜੇਠ ਕੇ ਨਾਿਮ ਡਰਉ ਰੇ ॥
saas kee dhukhee susur kee piaaree jaeth kae naam dduro rae
I am bothered by my mother-in-law, Maya, and loved by my father-in-law, the Lord. I fear even the name of my husband's elder brother, Death.
ਸਖੀ ਸਹੇਲੀ ਨਨਦ ਗਹੇਲੀ ਦੇਵਰ ਕੈ ਬਿਰਿਹ ਜਰਉ ਰੇ ॥੧॥
sukhee sehaelee nunudh gehaelee dhaevur kai birehi juro rae
O my mates and companions, my husband's sister, misunderstanding has seized me, and I am burning with the pain of separation from my husband's younger brother, divine knowledge. 1
ਮੇਰੀ ਮਤਿ ਬਉਰੀ ਮੈ ਰਾਮੁ ਿਬਸਾਿਰਓ ਿਕਨ ਿਬਿਧ ਰਹਿਨ ਰਹਉ ਰੇ ॥
maeree math bouree mai raam bisaariou kin bidh rehan reho rae
My mind has gone insane, since I forgot the Lord. How can I lead a virtuous lifestyle?
syjY rmqu nYn nhI pyKau iehu duKu kw sau khau ry ]1] rhwau ]
saejai rumuth nain nehee paekho eihu dhukh kaa so keho rae
He rests in the bed of my mind, but I cannot see Him with my eyes. Unto whom should I tell my sufferings? 1Pause
bwpu swvkw krY lrweI mwieAw sd mqvwrI ]
baap saavukaa kurai luraaee maaeiaa sudh muthuvaaree
My step-father, egotism, fights with me, and my mother, desire, is always intoxicated.
ਬਡੇ ਭਾਈ ਕੈ ਜਬ ਸੰਗਿ ਹੋਤੀ ਤਬ ਹਉ ਨਾਹ ਿਪਆਰੀ ॥੨॥
buddae bhaaee kai jub sung hothee thub ho naah piaaree
When I stayed with my elder brother, meditation, then I was loved by my Husband Lord. 2
khq kbIr pMc ko Jgrw Jgrq jnmu gvwieAw ]
kehuth kubeer punch ko jhuguraa jhuguruth junum guvaaeiaa
Says Kabeer, the five passions argue with me, and in these arguments, my life is wasting away.
ਝੂਠੀ ਮਾਇਆ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਬਾਧਿਆ ਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਰਮਤ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੩॥੩॥੨੫॥
jhoothee maaeiaa subh jug baadhiaa mai raam rumuth sukh paaeiaa

The false Maya has bound the whole world, but I have obtained peace, chanting the Name of the Lord. 3325

Vaho Bhagat Kabeer Jee, how amazing and blessed was this Saint, who received amazing knowledge through the Divine Guru. This Shabad explains it all.

This Gyaan through Naam will bring us to the Avasthaa (stage) of Sehaj (Nivaana). One will feel untouchable by the World, but on the other hand one will be very humble. This Gyaan will help us get through all worldly affairs in Sehaj, without the mind wandering. One will feel like a Lion, as Guru Gobind Singh Jee said, as one would feel Guru Sahib is always close at hand, but one will always remain Nimaana (humble) to Guru Sahib and his creation.

(Ang 3 Bhai Gurdaas Jee Deeaa Varaan)

ਸਾਧ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਭਉ ਭਾਉ ਸਿਹਜ ਬੈਰਾਗ ਹੈ॥
saadh sungath bho bhaao sehij bairaag hai
Fear (of God) and love (for mankind) being diffused in the holy congregation the sense of non-attachment always prevails.
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਸਹਿਜ ਸੁਭਾਉ ਸੁਰਿਤ ਸੁ ਜਾਗ ਹੈ॥
gurumukh sehij subhaao surath s jaag hai
By nature, the Gurmukhs remian alert i.e. their consciousness remains attuned to Sabad, the Word.
ਮਧੁਰ ਬਚਨ ਆਲਾਉ ਹਉਮੈਂ ਤ੍ਯਾਗ ਹੈ॥
mudhur buchun aalaao houmai thuaag hai
They speak sweet words and they have already expelled ego from their selves.
ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਿਤ ਪਰਥਾਉ ਸਦਾ ਅਨੁਰਾਗ ਹੈ॥
sathigur math puruthaao sudhaa anuraag hai
Conducting themselves according to the wisdom of the Guru they always remain imbued in love (of the Lord).
ਪਿਰਮ ਿਪਆਲੇ ਸਾਉ ਮਸਤਕ ਭਾਗ ਹੈ॥
pirum piaalae saao musuthuk bhaag hai
They feeling fortunate quaff the cup of love (of the Lord).
ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਜੋਤਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾਓ ਗ੍ਯਾਨ ਚਰਾਗ ਹੈ॥
brehum joth brehumaaou guaan churaag hai
Realising the light of the Supreme in their mind they become competent to light the lamp of divine knowledge.
ਅੰਤਰ ਗੁਰਮਤ ਚਾਉ ਅਲਿਪਤ ਅਦਾਗ ਹੈ॥
anthur gurumuth chaao aliputh adhaag hai
Due to the wisdom obtained from Guru they have unlimited enthusiasm and they remain untouched by maya and the dirt of the evil propensities.
vIh iekIh cVwau sdw suhwg hY ]ñó]
veeh eikeeh churraao sudhaa suhaag hai
In the context of worldliness, they always conduct themselves in a superior position i.e. if the world is twenty, they are twenty one.

Bhai Gurdaas Jee has shown the amazing qualities of a Lion (Gursikh) in this Shabad.

People in general will realize this amazing character and quality in one and usually tend to share their problems, as Guru Sahib says in Baanee one will always suffer through this filthy mind which has not been purified through Naam. Their desires will leave them suffering through stress and depression, their mind will never be content, and they will never find peace and happiness, as they have not realized their coming and going in this world, and above all they have not realized Guru Sahib and Naam. The amazing thing is when people in general share their suffering with a Gursikh who Japs Naam, they will always walk away contented, as the Gurmukh will give them the perfect cure through the words of Guru Sahib and Naam. This is the power of Gyaan (divine knowledge).

(Ang 19 Bhai Gurdaas Jee Deeaa Vaaraan)

ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਸਾਧ ਅਸਾਧ ਸਾਧ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ॥
gurumukh saadh asaadh saadh vukhaaneeai
Gurmukh accomplishes the intractable and hence is called sadhu.
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਬੁਧਿ ਿਬਬੇਕ ਿਬਬੇਕੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ॥
gurumukh budh bibaek bibaekee jaaneeai
Gurmukh has such wisdom, which is competent to separate water from milk. This is why he is called wise.
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਭਾਉ ਭਗਤਿ ਭਗਤ ਪਛਾਣੀਐ॥
gurumukh bhaao bhugath bhuguth pushaaneeai
The devotion of gurmukh is loving devotion.
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗਿਆਨ ਿਗਆਨੀ ਬਾਣੀਐ॥
gurumukh brehum giaan giaanee baaneeai
Since the gurmukhs attain divine knowledge, they are called knowledgeable ones (jnanis).
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਪੂਰਣ ਮਤਿ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਨੀਸਾਣੀਐ॥
gurumukh poorun math shubudh neesaaneeai
Gurmukhs have the wisdom fully stamped and marked by the Word.
ਗੁਰਮੁਖ ਪਉੜੀ ਪਤਿ ਿਪਰਮ ਰਸ ਮਾਣੀਐ
gurumukh pourree path pirum rus maaneeai
Climbing the stairs of high regards, the gurmukh enjoys the delight of love of the beloved Lord.

Bhai Gurdaas Jee explains the Gurmukh being different from every other being in the Universe, as the Gurmukh is blessed with loving devotion by Guru Sahib of Naam. Divine knowledge will only come through Naam and Guru Sahib, why waste time let us change the face of the Earth through the teachings of Gurbaanee and the loving devotion of Naam.

Next weeks article is Education

F.A.O Bhai Inderjeet Singh: Bhai Sahib Jee you asked the question on Yoga, Daas deleted your e-mail by mistake so Daas has tried writing an article on Yoga which shall be posted to the blog in a couple of weeks, Daas hopes this will answer your question if any doubt please e-mail back.

Wednesday, April 26, 2006

Important Message 2

Guroo Roop Saadh Sangat Jeeo,

With Guroo Sahibs Kirpaa and guidance from a Gursikh, the Blog is up and running again.

If Guroo Sahib wills then the next post will be on Monday.

Stay tuned.


Due to technical difficulties Daas is unable to post. However Daas has had some good advice from Gursikhs so stay tuned until further notice. Daas wil be posting soon if all goes well.

Tuesday, April 25, 2006

Important Message

Guroo Roop Saadh Sangat Jeeo,

Due to technical problems leading to very few people visiting the Blog, Daas has decided to not post anymore articles until the problem has been solved, which may never happen. The problem is that the Blog is running very slow and slows down the whole computer; this is extremely off-putting when reading articles.

Daas has been in contact with the main Bloggers, but has yet to find a solution. However, the articles will still be on the Blog for Gursikhs to read and learn from.

Hope Guroo Sahib finds a solution to the problem and blesses Daas with the Sevaa to continue posting articles. Please do Ardaas for this Mahaa-Moorakh and that the problem is solved soon as.


The e-mail address will still be available for anyone wanting to ask questions.

"Teraa Keeaa Meethaa Laage"


Saturday, April 15, 2006

Sahaj State in Scientific Light Part 2

This is the final part of the translation started last week from 'Gurbani & Science'


A. Gurbani Recitation or Kirtan:

Just as introversion of conciousness and its control form helpful means of Naam-practice, similarly to keep Naam -practice o the ascension, Gurbani recitation and singing are the most efficacious measures. Suggested practices are more for practical application rather than mere intellectual understanding. Imbibing Amrit initiates our orientation towards Gurbani, being recited or sung. Gurbani acts like a magnet to attract our conciousness. This, however does not hold true for those, who have yet to imbibe Amrit or if the Chose Five Beloved Ones for administering Amrit included one or more persons not quite suitable in their spirituality, lacking in bringing about the desired change among the initiated ones. When the real change does take place with Amrit imbibing, Naam-Simran is forceful and automatic. Again if extraneous words are mixed with Gurbani, then also the afore said magnetic effect of Gurbani is lost. The ascendancy of the spirit with Naam-practice is slowed down due to this setback. However, resumption of True and undiluted Gurbani (Akhand) recitation and Kirtan, restores the original rising spirit. That is why Panthic Code prohibits Gurbani being mixed with extraneous words.

Gurbani recitation and Kirtan have two different objectives; one is, when we want to comprehend the exact guidance of Gurbani. This requires full use of intellectual faculty to grasp the true meaning. The other purpose is to have the help of Gurbani for ascendancy of the spirit in Naam-practice. The requirement in this case is mere listening, without intellectual exercise to discern the meaning. Possibly, some Gurmukhs may not quite agree with this view. To clarify the point, let us keep in mind the purpose of Naam-Simran, attaining spirituality of Sahaj. As discussed, Sahaj State is related to Alpha state of our brain, with operating frequency 8 to 13 Hz. The right side, Feeler brain alone functions. When we resort to thinking the left side Thinker brain starts functioning. The brain frequency suddenly rises to 14-26Hz of Beta state. Thus, we lose Sahaj state corresponding to Alpha state. It should now be clear that with the objective of ascendancy of spirit in Naam-practice recitation and Kirtan are just listened to, without thinking i.e., functioning of Feeler brain only. The frequency drops between 13 to 8 Hz. Our earth frequency is 8 Hz. We are therefore in harmony with nature in Sahaj state, while just listening to Gurbani recitation or Kirtan in Bliss.

B. The Form of Guru:

'Contemplate Guru's Being in mind.'

There is quite a bit of confusion on this topic. Commonly, those dwelling in confusion, take pictures as "Guru Ki Moorat". Keeping a picture infront of them, they try to concentrate their mind on it. Some enthusiasts get the pictures beautifully framed and decorate with garlands. Placing this picture on the best spot in their house, they keep bowing before this, praying and asking favour. Touching the glass of the frame, they put the hand on their head for holy dust of the Guru.

Once I visited a young friend. Bhai Sahib Madan Singh Ji from Birmingham was also with me. The young man eagerly told us, "Sir, we have brought homr the physical presence of Maharaj Sahib." We thought he was referring to Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. We also requested for the holy sight. He opened the door of a room and allowed us to behold the holy sight. To our surprise, it was an attractive picture of Guru Nanak, framed beautifully. Many flowers were offered and a garland was hanging on the frame. Such is my personal experience. God knows, how many more are worshipping similar Gurus. This undesirable practice has spread like an epidemic in recent times. If not checked a time it may not be far off when Sikh Panth will have many idol worshippers rather than all believers in One Formless Being of our Original Faith!

On the topic of Guru and Satguru, much has been discussed in the chapter on 'Supernatural Power of Amrit'. We need to broach the topic again, to conclude on 'Guru Ki Moorat'. Says Guru Gobind Singh Ji,

'The One Deity from beginning till the very end, Eternal Being, Alone is to be taken as my Guru' [Benti Chopai]

Thus Eternal, Formless Being, alone is our Guru. The Formless Being has no mark or line, form or hue or garb. There is no parallel to Him for comparison. It was the Formless Being, manifesting in human form, Guur Nanak and all his successcors including Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, The Shabad Guru, Eternal Being. Says Bhai Gurdas Ji:

'Praising WAHEGURU involved uttering Gur-Shabad.' [Var 9/13]

'Bestowed with Gur-Shabad, WAHEGURU, silently drink of this Cup of Divine-Love' [Var 4/17]

The above quotes briefly convey importance of the Guru and that Guru bestows a mortal with Naam and this prepares the way for his redemption. Guru's Being is eternal and formless. Formless Being manifests into the Form of Guru Nanak. Says Bhai Gurdas Ji:

'Par Brahm (Limitless Supreme Being) is Complete Brahm as Guru Nanak' [Var 13/25]

Guru Nanak, Limitless Supreme Being, Complete Brahm has expressed his own three forms: Nirgun (Formless-being), Sargun (Light or manifesting being), and Gur-Shabad (Sound "WAHEGURU"). It is important to clearly understand that Limitless Being is a relity and so are the three different expressions: Formless being, divine light and the sound "WAHEGURU". "WAHEGURU" Gur-Shabad, and Naam is reality and the source of all creation. Just as clouds, water and ice are all one reality in three forms and all are real, similarly Three versions of Supreme Being are Reality. The conclusion is that WAHEGURU sound is a being and reality rather than imagines nothingness.

The word 'moorat' has been translated by Professor Sahib Singh as a being or form. The other application of moorat is as a unit of time. To comprehend Guru's Moorat in mind, implies that we have to keep the being of Guru in mind, while engaged in Simran. Gur-Moorat is Gur-Shabad that is sound of Gur-Shabad, WAHEGURU. By no stretch of imagination could it be an idol of clay or stone or a picture on paper. Thus, we have to concentrate on the Sound of the word 'WAHEGURU'.

C. Contemplation:

This is another delicate topic and needs careful attention. Concentration of conciousness in something is called 'Dhiaan' or contemplation. The first requirement for contemplation is the presence of a being or form. Secondly we must be knowledgeable about it. How can we contemplate about an unknown being or form? Albert Einstein, the famous Scientist has defined knowledge as experience. Everything else is information. To gain knowledge, we utilise our five sense organs, giving us the experience of form, flavour, smell, sensation of touch and hearing of sound. Whenever our conciousness is concentrates on something known, it constitutes contemplation of that object. We are more likely to focus Dhiaan on a known object. It is not possible to contemplate on the unknown. Let us say we are hit on our back with a rod. We have neither seen the rod nor the hitting person, yet our conciousness or Dhiaan gets focused on the painful spot. Our Conciousness or Dhiaaan is thus focused at the spot of experienced pain. Here is another example. We just had a tasty meal. Our conciousness is still attached to the flavour, though it is not a visible object, yet Dhiaan gets focused. We happened to smell a nice fragrant flower. We have returned from the garden, yet Dhiaan persists on the fragrance. We had a visit to the hills to enjoy the natural sight. Our consciousness still recalls the beautiful sight. We played a record of a song by Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar and moved by the enchanting music, we are still humming the tune to ourselves. Why? Dhiaan is fixed on the played music.

Out of Nirgun, Sargun and Gur-Shabad, sound of the word WAHEGURU is the third form or moorat of the limitless being. This fact is acknowledged by the quote: 'Gur-moorat is Gur-Shabad.' To contemplate Gur-Moorat in our mind and 'Yoking consciousness to Shabad is crossed the horrid ocean of worldlness' is the secret Gurmat tenet.

'Sargun, Nirgun Nirankar, Meditation Thought free, are all the forms of Par Brahm (Limitless being).' [290]

The above slok in Sukhmani Sahib Gurbani refers to four forms of the Akal Purkh (timeless being). The fourth being is 'Sunn Smadhi' (Thought-free Meditation). It had been discussed that at the stage of contemplation or meditation. Both meditator and meditation disappear, and then left being is the Meditated Being only. Contemplated is Shabad, sound 'WAHEGURU' that now remains. This is 'Sunn Smadhi', Fourth Form of the Reality.

'Thy Naam, O'Lord is Thy Formless Being.' [465]

This quote reaffirms The Sound as another Form of the Formless Being, Bhai Gurdas Ji in Var 26/2 says:

'The formless Being NIRANKAR manifested in the form known as EKONKAR. From EKONKAR to Shabad sound, is yet another form'

This is yet another reaffirmation of the same view. In the light of so many quoets no doubt should be left that 'Gur-Moorat' is Gur-Shabad. I am reminded of yet another prevalent doubt. Some devotees contemplate the letters, during Naam-Simran. If these letters constitute Gur-Moorat, then WAHEGURU written in the letters of another script, like English, Hindi or Urdu will constitute a different form of 'Gur-Moorat'. However, 'Gur-Moorat' is not the letter used, but the sound of the word, Gur-Shabad 'WAHEGURU'. We must remember that Moorat is a being and not an idol or a picture. Timeless being is not a person, but energy. Thus, the quote:

'Naam constitutes planets and the Universe'

'WAHEGURU' sound, Naam constitutes regions and the Unoverse. Thus Naam is a reality, Energy. The Scientific theory is that 'something cannot be created from nothing'.

While Vedant, Hath yoga and Jap Yoga, etc. devised their own means to envision the soul being. Gurmat also adopted the unique way of 'Surat-Shabad' (linking consciousness with Shabad). This has been discussed above in brief. Hindus believe soul being is the Brahm and visioning soul being is thus believed to be beholding of Parm-atma, the Super Soul and the final destination. Thus made is the declaration: 'I am the Brahm'. All further quests are ended for them. However, the Super Soul is not yet visioned. Merger into Super Soul is still to be attained and the journey of soul being is incomplete. The final Bliss and redemption is not attained, The Worldly mortals remain unfulfilled in their life objective or Realising Parm-atma and Eternal Bliss!

~~~~~Next Weeks article 'Gyaan'~~~~~

Thursday, April 06, 2006

Sahaj State in Scientific Light

This is an extract from 'Gurbani & Science' by Subedar Bhai Dharam Singh Sujjon, translated by Bhai Jaspinder Singh [Sqn. Ldr. (Retd.)]


According to religious scriptures the mind is an instrument of thought. It establishes contact with the outside world through five sense organs and extracts information. Whenever free from the sense organs it delves into the memory store. Looking at the past actions, it generates new thinking that may occur. In scientific parlance, this is the functioning of our brain, located towards the rear of our skull, just a little behind the top. It consists of two brain hemispheres, on either side of the skull. These are interconnected with a network of veins, bunched in between the two hemispheres, working as a bridge and coordinating their functioning. In case of injury to this bunch accidentally or through sickness, it stops its co-ordinating function and the two parts of the brain start functionaing independently on their own. This is called 'Split Brain'. The patient suffers very pathetic situations. For example, one part of the brain may command the other hand to pull back the first hand, or one part of the brain advances a foot, the other part of the brain may move the foot backwards. The right side of the brain controls the left side organs and the left side of the brain controls the right side organs. The brain is constituted of small cells.

The left part of the brain function is thinking and is called 'Thinker Brain'. The right side of the brain relates to sense organs and experiences the colleceted information, like the eye views of snaking water-flow of rivers, the green mountaintios or other natural sights, hearing the enchanting chirping or sparrows, the sound of a Persian -wheel, racing cars etc. or fragrant smell of flowers, tasting with the tongue or sensations experienced thorugh skin. In brief, experience of form, taste, smell, sound and touch is the domain of the right side of the brain, without a thought for what, how and why of all this. The function is confined to experience and enjoyment. It is, therefore, called 'Feeler Brain'.

The brain cells are supplied with a very feeble current. This is a supply of one to sixteen millionth volt. This sustains brain waves of frequencies 1/2 to 38 Hertz. The unit of frequency is Hz. Radio Frequencies go up to million of Hz, so it is expressed in Kilo Hz, like 1413KHz = 1413,000 Hz. The brain frequency is only in Hz.

The beain waves and their frequency creates different brain conditions. 3/4 to 4 Hz is Delta State, when the brain is in deep sleep in unconciousness. 5 to 7 Hz is semi-sleep or dream state, known as the Theta State. With 8 to 13 Hz it is a state of awakeness. This can gather information from sense organs, but where, why and how of the origin cannot be comprehended. It can form only an experience. This is known as Alpha State, with 'Feeler Brain' of the right side at work.

At 14 Hz frequency the left part of the brain starts functioning. The deeper the thinking, the higher the frequency or the frequency determines the depth of thinking. Generally good and deep thinking corresponds to 14 to 26 Hz. Higher than this range frequency creates more and more excitement and tension. The effect of lust, anfer, greed, attachment and ego may raise the frequency to as high as 38 Hz. It creates the chance of bursting of a vein in the brain. This is known as Beta State.

This discussion is to have clearer understanding of brain function, for a background to comprehend Sahaj state. Let us now move to the topic of Sahaj. The initial two states of Delta and Theta relate to sleep and half-sleep. These may be ignored for our purpose. Alpha and Beta are states of awakeness that need to be gone into detail.

Generally we live in wakeful state with frequency 14 to 26 Hz Beta State. When we are lost in the bliss of a natural beauty of surroundings, a sweet enchanting music, fragrant smeel, a pleasurable flavour or sensational touch, then the frequency of the brain drops below 14 Hz. The left side brain is switched off. We are now under the control of the right side lobe of the brain only, a change over from Beta state to Alpha. If we let go of our body in enjoyment of the blissfulness, we may lower our brain frequency below 8Hz and fall to half sleep, Theta state or even deep sleep Delta state. Thus we must remain below higher frequency Beta state and above lower frequency Theta and Delta states, to enjoy Blissfulness of Alpha state.

In Alpha state, we are closest to Nature. However, we tend to lose ourselves in Natural Bliss and go down to Theta State. Sukhmani Sahib warns against this state of half asleep and 'remain alert and concious'.

At times we are in between Alpha and Beta states at 13/14 Hz, alaternating between the two states. In Beta state left side Thinker Brain starts functioning and involves us in the perplexity of thoughts. We need to watch against the common boundaries of Alpha-Beta and Alpha-Theta, states.

Commonly we are in Beta state of existence and our mind keeps us entangled in the web of thoughts. The wider the sphere of thought the more tension a person keeps suffering from the botheration, worry and provocations. Alpha state is all bliss. Mind adamantly resists our pull to Alpha, trying to take us into Beta state only. In this fight of mutual pulling, the mi nd proves to be stronger force. Shall we then yield to the mind and take flight in fear or just follow weakly?

None of the two! The children often act naughty. They listen to no advice to refrain from wrongdoing. If you silently stand by just as a witness, the child becomes self-concious and feels ashamed of himself for the exposure of his guilt. He suddenly sits quietly in a self-deprecating mood. The mind should also be treated likewise, watch the mind's activities as a witness. When the mind is thus silenced, tension and stress automatically reduce. The body is relaxed and the brain frequency lowered, toward Alpha State. Thus it is best to avoid confrontation with the mind both in terms of fight and flight. To act as mere witness will do the magic.

Sometimes while enjoying the Alpha State, the mind comes to engage our conciousness without our realization. Soon we land up in Beta state. It is therefore important to conciously ignore the mind and keep enjoying Alpha state of the Feeler Brain. With practice, we become totally indifferent to the mind and come to abide permanentely in Alpha state of Bliss. We have to keep avoiding all thought and not become a doer of an act. These are the activities of the left lobe of the brain that we seek to keep out of action.

to be continued next week...

Saturday, April 01, 2006


Apathy- lack of interest and enthusiasm

(Ang 1140) Guru Arjan Dev Jee

ਬਿਨੁ ਬਾਜੇ ਕੈਸੋ ਿਨਰਿਤਕਾਰੀ ॥
bin baajae kaiso nirathikaaree
Without music, how is one to dance?

ੀਬਨੁ ਕੰਠੈ ਕੈਸੇ ਗਾਵਨਹਾਰੀ ॥
bin kunthai kaisae gaavunehaaree
Without a voice, how is one to sing?

ਝੀਲ ਬਿਨਾ ਕੈਸੇ ਬਜੈ ਰਬਾਬ ॥
jeel binaa kaisae bujai rubaab
Without strings, how is a guitar to be played?

naaਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਿਬਰਥੇ ਸਿਭ ਕਾਜ ॥੧॥
naam binaa biruthae sabh kaaj
Without the Naam, all affairs are useless. 1

ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਕਹਹੁ ਕੋ ਤਿਰਆ ॥
naam binaa kehuhu ko thariaa
Without the Naam – tell me: who has ever been saved?

ੀਬਨੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੈਸੇ ਪਾਿਰ ਪਿਰਆ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
bin sathigur kaisae paar pariaa
Without the True Guru, how can anyone cross over to the other side? 1Pause

ਬਿਨੁ ਿਜਹਵਾ ਕਹਾ ਕੋ ਬਕਤਾ ॥
bin jihuvaa kehaa ko bukuthaa
Without a tongue, how can anyone speak?

ੀਬਨੁ ਸ੍ਰਵਨਾ ਕਹਾ ਕੋ ਸੁਨਤਾ ॥
bin sruvunaa kehaa ko sunuthaa
Without ears, how can anyone hear?

ੀਬਨੁ ਨੇਤ੍ਰਾ ਕਹਾ ਕੋ ਪੇਖੈ ॥
bin naethraa kehaa ko paekhai
Without eyes, how can anyone see?

naaਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਨਰੁ ਕਹੀ ਨ ਲੇਖੈ ॥੨॥
naam binaa nur kehee n laekhai
Without the Naam, the mortal is of no account at all. 2

ਬਿਨੁ ਿਬਿਦਆ ਕਹਾ ਕੋਈ ਪੰਿਡਤ ॥
bin bidhiaa kehaa koee punddith
Without learning, how can one be a Pandit – a religious scholar?

ੀਬਨੁ ਅਮਰੈ ਕੈਸੇ ਰਾਜ ਮੰਡਿਤ ॥
bin amurai kaisae raaj munddith
Without power, what is the glory of an empire?

ੀਬਨੁ ਬੂਝੇ ਕਹਾ ਮਨੁ ਠਹਰਾਨਾ ॥
bin boojhae kehaa mun thehuraanaa
Without understanding, how can the mind become steady?

ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਬਉਰਾਨਾ ॥੩॥
naam binaa subh jug bouraanaa
Without the Naam, the whole world is insane. 3

ਬਿਨੁ ਬੈਰਾਗ ਕਹਾ ਬੈਰਾਗੀ ॥
bin bairaag kehaa bairaagee
Without detachment, how can one be a detached hermit?

ਬਿਨੁ ਹਉ ਿਤਆਿਗ ਕਹਾ ਕੋਊ ਿਤਆਗੀ ॥
bin ho thiaag kehaa kooo thiaagee
Without renouncing egotism, how can anyone be a renunciate?

ਬਿਨੁ ਬਿਸ ਪੰਚ ਕਹਾ ਮਨ ਚੂਰੇ ॥
bin bas punch kehaa mun choorae
Without overcoming the five thieves, how can the mind be subdued?

ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਸਦ ਸਦ ਹੀ ਝੂਰੇ ॥੪॥
naam binaa sudh sudh hee jhoorae
Without the Naam, the mortal regrets and repents forever and ever. 4

ਬਿਨੁ ਗੁਰ ਦੀਿਖਆ ਕੈਸੇ ਿਗਆਨੁ ॥
bin gur dheekhiaa kaisae giaan
Without the Guru's Teachings, how can anyone obtain spiritual wisdom?

ਬਿਨੁ ਪੇਖੇ ਕਹੁ ਕੈਸੋ ਿਧਆਨੁ ॥
bin paekhae kuhu kaiso dhiaan
Without seeing - tell me: how can anyone visualize in meditation?

ਬਿਨੁ ਭੈ ਕਥਨੀ ਸਰਬ ਿਬਕਾਰ ॥
bin bhai kuthunee surub bikaar
Without the Fear of God, all speech in useless.

ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਦਰ ਕਾ ਬੀਚਾਰ ॥੫॥੬॥੧੯॥
kuhu naanuk dhur kaa beechaar
Says Nanak, this is the wisdom of the Lord's Court. 5619

Guru Sahib explains beautifully in this Shabad; without Naam all affairs are of no avail, even if somebody is trying to do Sevaa, without Athai Pehar (24,7)Naam Simran and a Pakka (solid) Amritvelaa one is showing Apathy towards Guru Sahib.

ਜਿਨ ਗੁਰਮੁਿਖ ਿਹਰਦਾ ਸੁਧੁ ਹੈ ਸੇਵ ਪਈ ਿਤਨ ਥਾਇ ॥
jin gurumukh hirudhaa sudh hai saev pee thin thaae
Those Gurmukhs who are pure of heart-their service is accepted.
(Ang 27) Guru AmarDaas Jee

When one Japs Naam 24 hours a day in Sehaj Avasthaa one will learn to live in Hukum and Bhaana (his sweet will). Once one has learnt to live in Hukum and Bhaana, Guru Sahib will bless this soul with Panthik Sevaa, which will change the lives of many.

ਮਨਿ ਮੈਲੈ ਭਗਿਤ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਨਾਮੁ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾਇ ॥
man mailai bhugath n hovee naam n paaeiaa jaae
With a polluted mind, devotional service cannot be performed, and the Naam, the Name of the Lord, cannot be obtained.
(Ang 39) Guru AmarDaas Jee

Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindrawale was a very introvert Gursikh before receiving the Jathedaaree of DamDamee Taksaal, many of the older Taksaalee Gursikhs were upset with this decision, as they felt Sant Jarnail Singh was too young, quite and naive. This Jathedaaree was in reality blessed by Guru Sahib, as Guru Sahib blessed Baba Jarnail Singh with Chardeekallaa Naam-Baanee Vaala Jeevan. Baba Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale went on to awaken a faith in which had been a sleep for many years, only through the support of Naam and Baanee and Guru Sahibs blessing.

Bhai Sahib Bhai Randhir Singh was also a great Gursikh who was in love with Naam and Baanee, he did not try to create any Jathebandee, but through the power of Naam and Baanee and Guru Sahibs blessing, the Akhand Keertani Jatha was created, in turn this Jathebandee has created many Abhiyaasee Naujavaan Gursikhs around the world. Bhai Sahib Bhai Randhir Singh was in love with Baanee, so he just went around villages singing Baanee.


ਜਨਮ ਮਰਣ ਕਾ ਭਉ ਗਇਆ ਭਾਉ ਭਗਤਿ ਗੋਪਾਲ ॥
junum murun kaa bho gaeiaa bhaao bhugath gopaal
The fear of death and rebirth is removed by performing loving devotional service to the Lord of the World.
(Ang 45) Guru Arjan Dev Jee

This is the true Sevaa. The one who is indulged in this Sevaa will be liberated, and all other Sevaa will come to one through Guru Sahibs blessing.

Daas is not saying Sevaa is a bad thing, but what Daas is saying is that doing Sevaa without Athai Pehar Naam Abhiyaas will lead to self ego somewhere along the line, and doing Sevaa through Athai Pehar Abhiyaas will lead to Pooran (pure) Chardeekallaa of the Panth, which in turn will bring Khalsa Raaj.

If one is an active person it is a good thing, but one has to remember the true Sevaa of the Panth will be blessed to an Abhiyasee, as shown above by two amazing Gursikhs of the Panth. One will live and die for the Panth.

ਸਬਦਿ ਿਮਲਿਹ ਤਾ ਹਿਰ ਿਮਲੈ ਸੇਵਾ ਪਵੈ ਸਭ ਥਾਇ ॥
subadh milehi thaa har milai saevaa puvai subh thaae
Realizing the Shabad, one meets with the Lord, and all one's service is accepted.
(Ang 27) Guru AmarDaas Jee

Below is an amazing Shabad by Guru Arjan Dev Jee explaining how the true service is serving the Lord Athai Pehar, through this service one becomes a Saint, when becoming a Saint ones service becomes accepted and fruitful.

(Ang 392) Guru Arjan Dev Jee

ਆਠ ਪਹਰ ਨਿਕਿਟ ਕਿਰ ਜਾਨੈ ॥
aath pehur nikatt kar jaanai
Twenty-four hours a day, he knows the Lord to be near at hand;

ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਕੀਆ ਮੀਠਾ ਮਾਨੈ ॥
prubh kaa keeaa meethaa maanai
he surrenders to the Sweet Will of God.

ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੰਤਨ ਆਧਾਰੁ ॥
eaek naam sunthun aadhaar
The One Name is the Support of the Saints;

hoie rhy sB kI pg Cwru ]1]
hoe rehae subh kee pug shaar
they remain the dust of the feet of all. 1

ਸੰਤ ਰਹਤ ਸੁਨਹੁ ਮੇਰੇ ਭਾਈ ॥
sunth rehuth sunuhu maerae bhaaee
Listen, to the way of life of the Saints, O my Siblings of Destiny;

ਉਆ ਕੀ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਕਥਨੁ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
ouaa kee mehimaa kuthun n jaaee
their praises cannot be described. 1Pause

ਵਰਤਣਿ ਜਾ ਕੈ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮ ॥

vuruthan jaa kai kaevul naam
Their occupation is the Naam, the Name of the Lord.

ਅਨਦ ਰੂਪ ਕੀਰਤਨੁ ਬਿਸ੍ਰਾਮ ॥
anudh roop keeruthun bisraam
The Kirtan, the Praise of the Lord, the embodiment of bliss, is their rest.

ਮਿਤ੍ਰ ਸਤ੍ਰü ਜਾ ਕੈ ਏਕ ਸਮਾਨੈ ॥
mithr suthru jaa kai eaek sumaanai
Friends and enemies are one and the same to them.

ਪ੍ਰਭ ਅਪੁਨੇ ਬਿਨੁ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਜਾਨੈ ॥੨॥
prubh apunae bin avur n jaanai
They know of no other than God. 2

ਕੋਟਿ ਕੋਿਟ ਅਘ ਕਾਟਨਹਾਰਾ ॥
kott kott agh kaattunehaaraa
They erase millions upon millions of sins.

ਦੁਖ ਦੂਰਿ ਕਰਨ ਜੀਅ ਕੇ ਦਾਤਾਰਾ ॥
dhukh dhoor kurun jeea kae dhaathaaraa
They dispel suffering; they are givers of the life of the soul.

ਸੂਰਬੀਰ ਬਚਨ ਕੇ ਬਲੀ ॥
soorubeer buchun kae bulee
They are so brave; they are men of their word.

ਕਉਲਾ ਬਪੁਰੀ ਸੰਤੀ ਛਲੀ ॥੩॥
koulaa bupuree sunthee shulee
The Saints have enticed Maya herself. 3

ਤਾ ਕਾ ਸੰਗੁ ਬਾਛਹਿ ਸੁਰਦੇਵ ॥
thaa kaa sung baashehi surudhaev
Their company is cherished even by the gods and the angels.

ਅਮੋਘ ਦਰਸੁ ਸਫਲ ਜਾ ਕੀ ਸੇਵ ॥
amogh dhurus suful jaa kee saev
Blessed is their Darshan, and fruitful is their service.

ਕਰ ਜੋੜਿ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਕਰੇ ਅਰਦਾਿਸ ॥
kur jorr naanuk kurae arudhaas
With his palms pressed together, Nanak offers his prayer:

ਮੋਹਿ ਸੰਤਹ ਟਹਲ ਦੀਜੈ ਗੁਣਤਾਿਸ ॥੪॥੩੭॥੮੮॥
mohi suntheh ttehul dheejai gunuthaas
O Lord, Treasure of Excellence, please bless me with the service of the Saints. 43788

This Shabad explains the powerful qualities of a Saint: They remain the dust of all, the one Name is their total support, they surrender to the Lords will, their praises cannot be described, their occupation is the Name, Keertan is their rest, Friends and enemies are the same, they know of no other than God Vahiguroo, they erase millions of sins, they are givers of the Soul, the Saints have enticed Maayaa (controlled), their company is cherished by Gods and Angels.

Guru Nanak Dev Jee goes on to say please bless me with the service of the Saints. Only through great humility can one do Sevaa, true Sevaa of the Panth as Guru Jee stated above. The 'I' has been destroyed through Naam, one feels one does not exist, only when becoming one to one with the Lord.

ਜਬ ਹਮ ਹੋਤੇ ਤਬ ਤੁਮ ਨਾਹੀ ਅਬ ਤੁਮ ਹਹੁ ਹਮ ਨਾਹੀ ॥
jub hum hothae thub thum naahee ab thum huhu hum naahee
When I was, then You were not; now that You are, I am not.

ਅਬ ਹਮ ਤੁਮ ਏਕ ਭਏ ਹਹਿ ਏਕੈ ਦੇਖਤ ਮਨੁ ਪਤੀਆਹੀ ॥੧॥
ab hum thum eaek bheae hehi eaekai dhaekhuth mun putheeaahee
Now, You and I have become one; seeing this, my mind is content. 1

Guru Sahib also says in this Shabad, they are so brave they are men of their word, just like Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale, Bhai Sahib Bhai Randhir Singh, Bhai Fauja Singh, Bhai Amreek Singh, Bhai Dalbeer Singh Abhiyaasee, Bhai Surinder Singh Sodhee and many more amazing Gursikhs. These Gursikhs only lived for the Panth, by sacrificing the whole of their lives in Panthik Seva and Shaheedee.

(Ang 18)

ਕਲਪ ਤਿਆਗੀ ਬਾਿਦ ਹੈ ਸਚਾ ਵੇਪਰਵਾਹੁ ॥੧॥
kulup thiaagee baadh hai suchaa vaepuruvaahu
I have renounced my useless schemes, by the Grace of the True, Carefree Lord. 1

ਮਨ ਰੇ ਸਚੁ ਮਿਲੈ ਭਉ ਜਾਇ ॥
mun rae such milai bho jaae
O mind, meeting with the True One, fear departs.

ਭੈ ਬਿਨੁ ਿਨਰਭਉ ਿਕਉ ਥੀਐ ਗੁਰਮੁਿਖ ਸਬਿਦ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
bhai bin nirubho kio theeai gurumukh subadh sumaae
Without the Fear of God, how can anyone become fearless? Become Gurmukh, and immerse yourself in the Shabad. 1Pause

One will only become fearless and gain true leadership qualities through loving devotion of the Lords Name, as explained in the Shabad above, all Siaanap (useless schemes) will be renounced and one will become a Panthik Sevaadaar without realizing, as one will feel one does not exist. One will be guided by Guru Sahib always in the right direction, as one has learnt to live in and except Bhaana.


ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਭਾਣੈ ਚਲਦੀਆ ਨਾਮੇ ਸਹਿਜ ਸੀਗਾਰੁ ॥੨॥
sathigur kai bhaanai chuludheeaa naamae sehaj seegaar
They live in harmony with the Sweet Will of the True Guru, naturally adorned with the Naam. 2

ਸਦਾ ਰਾਵਹਿ ਿਪਰੁ ਆਪਣਾ ਸਚੀ ਸੇਜ ਸੁਭਾਇ ॥
sudhaa raavehi pir aapunaa suchee saej subhaae
They enjoy their Beloved forever, and their bed is decorated with Truth.
(Ang 426)

One can only do such Sevaa through the support of Naam and Baanee. This is what every Gursikh in the Panth should be striving for, as we left our Sees (head) with Guru Sahib on the day of re-birth (Ammrit). Only then will we be blessed with true Panthik Sevaa, and change the lives of many.

Next weeks article is an extract from Subedar Dharam Singh Sujjons book, 'Gurbani & Science'.
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